Free Access
Issue
Fruits
Volume 66, Number 3, May-June 2011
Page(s) 171 - 185
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/fruits/2011025
Published online 01 June 2011
  1. Bowe C., Haq N., Quantifying the global environmental niche of an underutilised tropical fruit tree (Tamarindus indica) using herbarium records Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 139 (1–2) (2010) 51–58. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  2. Burkill H.M., The useful plants of west tropical Africa, vol. III, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K., 1995. [Google Scholar]
  3. Diallo O.B., Biologie de la reproduction et évaluation de la diversité génétique chez une légumineuse : Tamarindus indica L. (Caesalpinioidae), Univ. Montpellier II, Thèse, Montpellier, France, 2001, 119 p.. [Google Scholar]
  4. Grovel R., Le tamarinier : Tamarindus indica L. (Caesalpiniacées), Le Flamboyant, 27 (1993) 33–35. [Google Scholar]
  5. Giffard P.L., L’arbre dans le paysage sénégalais. Silviculture en zone tropicale sèche, Cent. Tech. For. Trop. (CTFT), Dakar, Sénégal, 1974, 431 p. [Google Scholar]
  6. Arbonnier M., Trees, shrubs and lianas of West African dryzones, Margraf Publ. GmbH, MNHN, Weikersh., Ger., 2004. [Google Scholar]
  7. De Caluwé E., Halamová K., Van Damme P., Tamarindus indica L. - A review of traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology, in: Juliani H.R., Simon J.E., Ho C.T. (Eds.), African natural plant products: discoveries and challenges in quality control, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser. 1021, Am. Chem. Soc., Wash., D.C., U.S.A., 2009. [Google Scholar]
  8. Gebauer J., Ebert G., Die Tamarinde (Tamarindus indica L.): Botanik, Anbau und Verwendung einer interessanten Obstart der Tropen und Subtropen Erwerbsobstbau 45 (2003) 181–185. [Google Scholar]
  9. El-Siddig K., Ebert G., Luedders P., Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.): a review on a multipurpose tree with promising future in the Sudan, Angew. Bot. (Ger.) 73 (1999) 202–205. [Google Scholar]
  10. Grollier C., Debien C., Dornier M., Reynes M., Principales caractéristiques et voies de valorisation du tamarin, Fruits 53 (1998) 271–280. [Google Scholar]
  11. Soloviev P., Niang T.D., Gaye A., Totte A., Variabilité des caractères physico-chimiques des fruits de trois espèces ligneuses de cueillette, récoltés au Sénégal : Adansonia digitata, Balanites aegyptiaca et Tamarindus indica, Fruits 59 (2004) 109–119. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  12. El-Siddig K., Gunasena H.P.M., Prasad B.A., Pushpakumara D.K.N.G., Ramana K.V.R., Vijayanand P., Williams J.T., Tamarind, Tamarindus indica L., Int. Cent. Underutil. Crops, Univ. Southampt., Southampt., U.K., 2006. [Google Scholar]
  13. Fandohan A.B., Structure des populations et importance socio-culturelle du tamarinier (Tamarindus indica L.) dans la commune de Karimama (Bénin), Univ. Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Bénin, Abomey-Calavi, Bénin, 2007, 60 p. [Google Scholar]
  14. Fandohan A.B., Assogbadjo A.E., Glèlè Kakaï R.L., Sinsin B., Van Damme P., Impact of habitat type on the conservation status of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) populations in the W National Park of Benin, Fruits 65 (2010) 11–19. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  15. White F., The Vegetation of Africa, UNESCO Nat. Res., Paris, France, 1983. [Google Scholar]
  16. Bernard H.R., Research methods in anthropology. Qualitative and quantitative approaches, AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, Calif., U.S.A., 2006. [Google Scholar]
  17. Anon., ISE Code of Ethics, Int. Soc. Ethnobiol., ISE Ethics Comm. Chair, 2006 (with 2008 additions), http://ise.arts.ubc.ca/global_coalition/ethics.php . [Google Scholar]
  18. Buchmann C., Prehsler S., Hartl A., Vogl C.R., The importance of baobab in rural West African subsistence - Suggestion of a cautionary approach to international market export of baobab fruits, Ecol. Food Nutr. 49 (2010) 145–172. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  19. Kalinganire A., Weber J.C., Uwamariya A., Kone A., Improving rural livelihoods through domestication of indigenous fruit trees in the parklands of the Sahel, in: Akinnifesi F.K., Leakey R.R.B., Ajayi O.C., Sileshi G., Tchoundjeu Z., Matakala P., Kwesiga F.R. (Eds.), Indigenous fruit trees in the tropics: domestication, utilization and commercialization, CAB Int., Wallingford, U.K, 2007. [Google Scholar]
  20. Fandohan A.B., Assogbadjo A.E., Glèlè Kakai R., Kyndt T., De Caluwé E., Codjia J.T.C., Sinsin B., Women’s traditional knowledge, use value, and the contribution of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) to rural households’ cash income in Benin, Econ. Bot. 64 (2010) 248–259. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  21. Smith G.C., Clegg M.S., Keen C.L., Grivetti L.E., Mineral values of selected plant foods common to southern Burkina Faso and to Niamey, Niger, West Africa, Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 47 (1996) 41–53. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  22. März U., Die nutzenoptimale Zusammensetzung von Baum- und Straucharten für Aufforstungsmassnahmen in der Entwicklungs-zusammenarbeit: ein partizipativer Ansatz, Tropenlandwirt. 94 (1993) 175–183. [Google Scholar]
  23. Lamien N., Sidibe A., Bayala J., Use and commercialization of non-timber forest products in western Burkina Faso, domestication and commercialization of non-timber forest products in agroforestry systems, Proc. Int. Conf. Nairobi, Kenya, 19–23 Febr. 1996, FAO, Nairobi, Kenya, 1996. [Google Scholar]
  24. Lockett C.T., Grivetti L.E., Food-related behaviors during drought: A study of rural Fulani, northeastern Nigeria, Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 51 (2000) 91–107. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  25. Krings T., Kulturbaumparke in den Agrarlandschaften Westafrikas – eine Form autochthoner Agroforstwirtschaft, Die Erde 122 (1991) 117–129. [Google Scholar]
  26. Nordeide M.B., Hatloy A., Oshaug A., Folling M., Lied E., Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali, Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 47 (1996) 455–468. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  27. Szolnoki T.W., Food and fruit trees of The Gambia, Stiftung Walderhaltung in Afrika, Hambg., Ger., 1985. [Google Scholar]
  28. N’Diaye M., Kéita F.B., Martin P., Principaux fruits de cueillette consommés et commercialisés en Guinée, Fruits 58 (2003) 99–116. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  29. Jama B.A., Mohamed A.M., Mulatya J., Njui A.N., Comparing the "Big five": A framework for the sustainable management of indigenous fruit trees in the drylands of East and Central Africa, Ecol. Indic. 8 (2008) 170–179. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  30. Gustad G., Dhillion S.S., Sidibe D., Local use and cultural and economic value of products from trees in the parklands of the municipality of Cinzana, Mali, Econ. Bot. 58 (2004) 578–587. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  31. Berry L., Ayensu E., Mounkeila G., LeBeau F., Weber F., Corillon C., Gritzner J., Raintree J., Thomson J., Von Maydell H.-J., Agroforestry in the West African Sahel, BOSTID, World Environ. Libr., Waikato, New Zealand, 1984. [Google Scholar]
  32. Etkin N.L., Ross P.J., Food as medicine and medicine as food - An adaptive framework for the interpretation of plant utilization among the Hausa of northern Nigeria, Soc. Sci. Med. 16 (1982) 1559–1573. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  33. Weber F., Hoskins M., Agroforestry in the Sahel, Niamey Agrofor. Semin., VPI, Blacksburg, U.S.A., 1988. [Google Scholar]
  34. Nkama I., Iliyas A., Jato A., Studies on the preparation and nutrient composition of kunun gyada, a traditional Nigerian groundnut-cereal-based weaning food Food Nutr. Bull. 16 (1995) 238–240. [Google Scholar]
  35. Okafor J.C., Trees for food and fodder in the savanna areas of Nigeria Int. Tree Crops J. 1 (1980) 131–141. [Google Scholar]
  36. Hines D.A., Eckman K., Indigenous multipurpose trees of Tanzania: uses and economic benefits for people, Cultural Survival Canada and Development Services Foundation of Tanzania, Ott., Ont., Can., 1993. [Google Scholar]
  37. Berhaut J., Tamarindus indica Linn., in: Flore illustrée du Sénégal, Libr. Clairafrique, Dakar, Senegal, 1975. [Google Scholar]
  38. Gustad G., Non-timber forest products and harvesting of Adansonia digitata L. in the municipality of Cinzana, Mali, Norges Landbrukshoegskole, NLH, Aas, Norway, 2001, 68 p. [Google Scholar]
  39. Thoen D., Thiam A., Utilisations des plantes ligneuses et sub-ligneuses par les populations de la région sahélienne du lac de Guiers (Sénégal), Environ. Afr. IX (1993). [Google Scholar]
  40. Ambé G.A., Les fruits sauvages comestibles des savanes guinéennes de Côte d’Ivoire : état de la connaissance par une population locale, les Malinké, Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 5 (2001) 43–58. [Google Scholar]
  41. El Tahir B.A., Gebauer J., Non-timber forest products: opportunities and constraints for poverty reduction in the Nuba Mountains, South Kordofan, Sudan, Deutscher Tropentag 2004, Conf. Int. Agric. Res. Dev., Berlin, Ger., 2004. [Google Scholar]
  42. Bayala J., Boureima Z., van-der Hoek R., Lamsellek H., Nouatin G.-S., Randrianarisoa M., Torquebiau E., L’arbre dans l’espace agricole du plateau de Vineta (Madagascar), Cah. Agric. 12 (2003) 15–21. [Google Scholar]
  43. Slingerland M., Kiema A., Vegetation resources in Sahelian villages. Agro-silvo-pastoral land use in Sahelian villages, Adv. Geoecol. 33 (2001) 179–192. [Google Scholar]
  44. Humphry C.M., Clegg M.S., Keen C.L., Grivetti L.E., Food diversity and drought survival. The Hausa example, Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 44 (1993) 1–16. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  45. Pélissier P., L’arbre dans les paysages agraires de l’Afrique Noire, Cah. ORSTOM – Ser. Sci. Hum. 17 (1980) 131–136. [Google Scholar]
  46. Bergeret A., Food function of trees and bushes rural community in Sali (formerly ex U.E. Kumbija), Senegal. Economie rurale en zone de Savane, VIIe Sém. Econ. Sociol. Rural., CIRAD, Montpellier, France,1986. [Google Scholar]
  47. Irvine F.R., Woody plants of Ghana with special reference to their uses Oxford Univ. Press, Lond., U.K., 1961. [Google Scholar]
  48. Le Floc’h E., Lemordant, D., Lignon, A., Rezkallah, N., Pratiques ethnobotaniques des populations afars de la moyenne vallée de l’Awash (Éthiopie), J. Ethnopharmacol. 14 (1985) 283–314. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  49. Verinumbe I., Agroforestry development in northeastern Nigeria, For. Ecol. Manag. 45 (1991) 309–317. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  50. Lykke A.M., Kristensen M.K., Ganaba S., Valuation of local use and dynamics of 56 woody species in the Sahel, Biodivers. Conserv. 13 (2004) 1961–1990. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  51. Bonkoungou E.G., Djimde M., Ayuk E.T., Zoungrana I., Tchoundjeu Z., The market potential of parkland trees, Agrofor. Today (ICRAF) 11 (1999) 13–15. [Google Scholar]
  52. Dalziel J.M., The useful plants of west tropical Africa Crown agents for the colonies, Lond., U.K., 1937. [Google Scholar]
  53. Bergeret A., Nourritures de cueillette en pays sahélien J. Agric. Tradit. Bot. Appl. 33 (1986) 91–130. [Google Scholar]
  54. Codjia J.T.C., Assogbadjo A.E., Ekué M.R.M., Diversité et valorisation au niveau local des ressources végétales forestières alimentaires du Bénin Cah. Agric. 12 (2003) 321–331. [Google Scholar]
  55. Tchiegang-Megueni C., Mapongmetsem P.M., Akagou-Zedong C.H., Kapseu C., An ethnobotanical study of indigenous fruit trees in Northern Cameroon, For. Trees Livelihoods 11 (2001) 149–158. [Google Scholar]
  56. Glew R.S., Vanderjagt D.J., Chuang L.T., Huang Y.S., Millson M., Glew R.H., Nutrient content of four edible wild plants from West Africa Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 60 (2005) 187–193. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  57. Muok B.O., Owuor B., Dawson I., Were J., The potential of indigenous fruit trees: results of a survey in Kitui District, Kenya, Agrofor. Today 12 (2000) 13–16. [Google Scholar]
  58. Havinga R., Hartl A., Putscher J., Prehsler S., Buchmann C., Vogl C., Tamarindus indica L. (Fabaceae): Patterns of use in traditional African medicine, J. Ethnopharmacol. 127 (2010) 573–588. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  59. Buchmann C., Prehsler S., Hartl A., Vogl C., To plant or not to plant? Cultural reasons and barriers for adoptive transplantation of wild fruit trees in West Africa, in: Tielkes E. (Ed.), Tropentag 2009 – Biophysical and socio-economic frame conditions for the sustainable management of natural resources, DITSL GmbH (Ger. Inst. Agric. Trop. Subtrop.), Hambg., Ger., 2009. [Google Scholar]