Free Access
Issue
Fruits
Volume 71, Number 4, July-August 2016
Page(s) 229 - 238
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/fruits/2016015
Published online 06 July 2016
  1. Guerrero V.M., Orozco J.A., Romo A., Gardea A.A., Molina F.J., Sastre B., Martínez J.J., The effect of hail nets and ethephon on color development of ‘Red Chief Delicious’ apple fruit in the highlands of Chihuahua, México, J Am Pomol Soc. 56 (2002)132–135. [Google Scholar]
  2. Tasin M., Demaria D., Ryne C., Cesano A., Galliano A., Anfora G., Ioriatti C., Alma A., Effect of anti-hail nets on Cydia pomonella behavior in apple orchards, Entomol. Exp. Appl. 129 (2008) 32–36. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  3. Botzen W.J.W., Bouwer L.M., Van den Bergh J.C.J.M., Climate change and hailstorm damage: Empirical evidence and implications for agriculture and insurance, Resour Energy Econ. 32 (2010) 341–362. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. Romo-Chacon A., Orozco-Avitia J.A., Gardea A.A., Guerrero-Prieto V., Soto-Parra J.M., Hail net effect on photosynthetic rate and fruit color development of ‘Starkrimson’ apple trees, J. Am. Pomol. Soc. 61 (2007) 174–178. [Google Scholar]
  5. Widmer A, Light intensity and fruit quality under hail protection nets, Acta Hortic. 557 (2001) 421–426. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  6. Middleton S., McWaters A., Hail netting of apple orchards – Australian experience, The Compact Fruit Tree 35 (2002) 51–55. [Google Scholar]
  7. Stampar F., Veberic R., Zadravec P., Hudina M., Usenik V., Solar V.A., Osterc G., Yield and fruit quality of apples cv. ‘Jonagold’ under hail protection nets, Eur. J. Hortic. Sci. 67 (2002) 205–210. [Google Scholar]
  8. Reay P.F., Fletcher R.H., Thomas V.J., Chlorophylls, carotenoids and anthocyanin concentrations in the skin of ‘Gala’ apples during maturation and the influence of foliar applications of nitrogen and magnesium, J. Sci. Food Agr. 76 (1998) 63–71. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  9. Funke K., Blanke M.M., Can reflective ground cover enhance fruit quality and colouration? J. Food Agric. Environ. 3 (2005) 203–206. [Google Scholar]
  10. Olivas G.I., Mattinson S., Pérez J., Molina J., Fellman J., Mattheis J., Quality characteristics of Red and Golden Delicious apples during maturation: A comparison between Mexican and Pacific Northwest Apples, HortScience 43 (2008) 1280. [Google Scholar]
  11. Salas N.A., Molina-Corral F.J., González-Aguilar G.A., Otero A., Olivas G.I., Volatile production of “Golden Delicious” apples during storage is affected by aminoethoxy vinilglycine, Sci. Hortic. 130 (2011) 436–444. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  12. Smit A., Apple tree and fruit responses to shade netting, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa, Thesis, 2007, 272 p. [Google Scholar]
  13. Bepete M., Lakso A.N., Differential effects of shade on early-season fruit and shoot growth rates in empire apple, HortScience. 33 (1998) 823–825. [Google Scholar]
  14. Knee M., Pome Fruit: Biochemistry. In: Seymour GB, Taylor JE, Tucker GA (Eds.), Biochemistry of fruit ripening Chapman & Hall University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1993. [Google Scholar]
  15. Solomakhin A., Blanke M.M., Can coloured hail nets improve taste (sugar, sugar:acid ratio), consumer appeal (colouration) and nutritional value (anthocyanin, vitamin C) of apple fruit?, LWT – Food Sci. Technol-Leb. 43 (2010) 1277–1284. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  16. Robinson T.L., Seeley E.J., Barritt B.H., Effect of light environment and spur age on ‘Delicious’ apple fruit size and quality, J. Am. Soc. Hortic Sci. 108 (1983) 855–861. [Google Scholar]
  17. Wagenmakers P., Tazelaar M., Resulting light reduction determines the future of hail nets in the Netherlands, Fruitteelt. 89 (1999) 10–11. [Google Scholar]
  18. Iglesias I., Alegre S., The effect of anti-hail nets on fruit protection, radiation, temperature, quality and profitability of ‘Mondial Gala’ apples, J. Appl. Hortic. 8 (2006) 91–100. [Google Scholar]
  19. Kader A.A., Quality and its maintenance in relation to the postharvest physiology of strawberry. In: Luby JJ & Dale A (Eds.), The Strawberry into the 21st Century. Timber Press, Portland, OR, 1991. [Google Scholar]
  20. Yahia E.M., Apple flavor, horticultural reviews. 16 (1994) 197–234 [Google Scholar]
  21. Solomakhin A., Blanke M.M., Coloured hail nets alter light transmission, spectra and phytochrome, as well as vegetative growth, leaf chlorophyll and photosynthesis and reduce flower induction of apple, Plant Growth Regul. 56 (2008) 211–218. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  22. Johnson R.S., Lakso A.N., Carbon balance model of a growing apple shoot: II. Simulated effects of light and temperature on long and short shoots, J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 111 (1986) 164–169. [Google Scholar]
  23. Wills R.B.H., Lee T.H., Graham D., McGlasson W.B., Halle G., Postharvest. An introduction to the physiology and handling of fruit and vegetables, AVI publishing, Westport, Conn. 1981. [Google Scholar]
  24. Gross J., Pigments in fruits, Academic Press, London, 1987. [Google Scholar]
  25. Knee M., Anthocyanin, carotenoid and chlorophyll changes in the peel of Cox’s Orange Pippin apples during ripening on and off the tree, J. Exp. Bot. 23 (1972) 184–196. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  26. Stanley J.K., Preharvest factors affecting appearance, Postharvest Biol. Tec. 15 (1999) 233–247. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  27. Jakopic J., Stampar F., Veberic R., The influence of exposure to light on the phenolic content of ‘Fuji’ apple. Sci. Hortic. 123 (2009) 234–239. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. Lancaster J.E., Regulation of skin color in apples, CRC Cr Rev Plant Sci. 10 (1992) 487–502. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  29. Amarante C.V.T., Steffens C.A., Argenta L.C., Yield and fruit quality of Gala and Fuji apple trees protected by white ant-hail net, Sci. Hortic. 129 (2011) 79–85. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  30. Campbell J., Marini R., Light environment and time of harvest affect Delicious apple fruit quality characteristics, J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 117 (1992) 551–557. [Google Scholar]
  31. Awad M.A., Wagenmakers P.S., de Jager A., Effects of light on flavonoid and chlorogenic acid levels in the skin of ‘Jonagold’ apples, Sci. Hortic. 88 (2001) 289–298. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  32. Jakopic J., Veberic R., Stampar F., The effect of reflective foil and hail nets on the lighting, color and anthocyanins of ‘Fuji’ apple, Sci. Hortic. 115 (2007) 40–46. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  33. Doud D.S., Ferree D.C., Influence of altered light levels on growth and fruiting of mature ‘Delicious’ apple trees, J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 105 (1980) 325–328. [Google Scholar]
  34. Gardner R.A.W., Fletcher C.A., Hail protection systems for deciduous fruit trees, Deciduous Fruit Grower 40 (1990) 206–212. [Google Scholar]
  35. Widmer A., Light conditions, assimilation and fruit quality under hail nets, Obst und Weinbau 133 (1997) 197–199. [Google Scholar]
  36. Defilippi B.G., Manriquez D., Luengwilai K., Gonzalez-Agüero M., Aroma Volatiles: Biosynthesis and Mechanisms of Modulation During Fruit Ripening, Adv. Bot. Res. 50 (2009) 1–37. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  37. Fellman J.K., Miller T.W., Mattinson D.S., Mattheis J.P., Factors that influence biosynthesis of volatile flavor compound in apple fruits, HortScience 35 (2000) 1026–1033. [Google Scholar]
  38. Pérez A.G., Sanz C., Formation of fruit flavour. In: Brückner B, Wyllie SG (Eds.), Fruit and vegetable flavor CRC Press Boston, New York, Washington DC and Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, England, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  39. De Pooter H.L., Van Acker M., Schamp N.M., Aldehyde metabolismo and the aroma quality of stored Golden Delicious apples, Phytochemistry 26 (1987) 89–92. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  40. Panasiuk O., Talley F.B., Sapers G.M., Correlation between aroma and volatile composition of McIntosh apples, J. Food Sci. 45 (1980) 989–991. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  41. Dimick P.S., Hoskin J.C., Review of apple flavour-state of the art, CRC Cr. Rev. Food Sci. 18 (1983) 387–409. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  42. Flath R.A., Black D.R., Guadagni D.G., McFadden W.H., Schultz T.H., Identification and organoleptic evaluation of compounds in Delicious apple essence, J. Agric. Food Chem. 15 (1967) 29–34. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  43. Dixon J.E., Hewett E., Factors affecting apple aroma/flavour volatile concentration: a review, New Zeal. J. Crop Hort. 28 (2000) 155–173. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  44. Espino-Díaz, M., Olivas, G.I., Biochemistry of apple aroma. Food Technol. Biotechnol. Submitted. [Google Scholar]
  45. Halder-Doll H., Bangerth F., Inhibition of autocatalytic C2H4-biosynthesis by AVG applications and consequences on the physiological behaviour and quality of apple fruits in cool storage, Sci. Hortic. 33 (1987) 87–96. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  46. Defilippi B.G., Dandekar A.M., Kader A.A., Impact of suppression of ethylene action or biosynthesis on flavor metabolites in apple (Malus Domestica Borkh) fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem. 52 (2004) 5694–5701. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  47. Salas N.A., Olivas G.I., El aroma de la manzana, Interciencia. 36 (2011) 265–271. [Google Scholar]
  48. Cunnigham D.G., Acree T.E., Barnard J., Butts R., Braell P., Charm analysis of apple volatiles, Food Chem. 19 (1986) 137–147. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  49. Miller T.W., Fellman J.K., Mattheis J.P., Mattinson D.S., Factors that influence volatile ester biosynthesis in ‘Delicious’ Apples, Acta Hortic. 464 (1998) 195–200. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]