Free Access
Volume 69, Number 2, March-April 2014
Page(s) 143 - 157
Published online 04 April 2014
  1. Perry T.O., Santamour F.S., Stipes R.J., Shear T.H., Shigo A.L., Exploring alternatives to tree injection, J. Arboric. 17 (8) (1991) 217–226. [Google Scholar]
  2. Lipetz I., Wound healing in higher plants, Int. Rev. Cytol. 27 (1970) 1–28. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  3. Shigo A.L., Hillis W.E., Heartwood, discolored wood, and microorganisms in living trees, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 11 (1973) 197–222. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. Shigo A.L., Marx H.G., Compartmentalization of decay in trees, U.S. Dep. Agric., Inf. Bull. 405 (1977) 73 p. [Google Scholar]
  5. Garrett P.W., Shigo A.L., Selecting trees for their response to wounding, Metrop. Tree Improv. Alliance (Metria) Proc. 1 (1978) 69–72. [Google Scholar]
  6. Shigo A.L., Shortle W.C., Compartmentalization of discolored wood in heartwood of red oak, Phytopathology 69 (1979) 710–711. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  7. Shigo A.L., Compartmentalization: a conceptual framework for understanding how trees grow and defend themselves, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 22 (1984) 189–214. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  8. Neely D., Tree wounds and wound closure, J. Arboric. 5 (1979) 135–140. [Google Scholar]
  9. Armstrong I.E., Shigo A.L., Funk D.T., McGinnes E.A., Smith D.E., A macroscopic and microscopic study of compartmentalization and wound closure after mechanical wounding of black walnut, Wood Fiber Sci. 13 (4) (1981) 275–291. [Google Scholar]
  10. Neely D., Tree wound closure, J. Arboric. 14 (1988) 148–152. [Google Scholar]
  11. Biggs A.R., Managing wound-associated diseases by understanding wound healing in the bark of woody plants, Arboric. 16 (1990) 108–112. [Google Scholar]
  12. Biggs A.R., Anatomical and physiological responses of bark tissues to mechanical injury, in: Blanchette R.A., Biggs A.R. (Eds.), Defense mechanisms of woody plants against fungi, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Ger., 1992, 13–40. [Google Scholar]
  13. Schmitt U., Liese W., Wound tyloses in Robinia pseudoacacia L., IAWA J. 15 (2) (1994) 157–160. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  14. Guariguata M.R., Gilbert G.S., Interspecific variation in rates of trunk wound closure in a Panamanian lowland forest, Biotropica 28 (1) (1996) 23–29. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  15. Pearce R., Decay development and its restriction in trees, J. Arboric. 26 (2000) 1–11. [Google Scholar]
  16. Smith K.T., Compartmentalization today, Arboric. J. 29 (2006) 173–184. [Google Scholar]
  17. Shigo A.L., Successions of microorganisms and patterns of discoloration and decay after wounding in red oak and white oak, Phytopathology 62 (1972) 256–259. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  18. Shigo A.L., Trees anatomy, Shigo and Trees Assoc., Durham, N.H., U.S.A., 1994, 104 p. [Google Scholar]
  19. Santamour F.S., Wound compartmentalization potential and borer damage in green ash, J. Arboric. 13 (5) (1987) 131–134. [Google Scholar]
  20. Bostock R.M., Stermer B.A., Perspectives on wound healing in resistance to pathogens, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 27 (1989) 343–371. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  21. Dute R.D., Miller M.E., Davis M.A., Woods F.M., McLean K.S., Effects of Ambrosia beetle attack on Cercis Canadensis, IAWA J. 23 (2) (2002) 143–160. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  22. Smith K.T., Shortle W.E., Patterns of storm injury and tree response, U.S. Dep. Agric. For. Serv., NA-TP-02-01, U.S.A., 2001. [Google Scholar]
  23. Smith K.T., Sutherland E., Fire scar formation and compartmentalization in oak, Can. J. For. Res. 29 (1999) 166–171. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  24. Neely D., Closure of branch pruning wounds with conventional and ‘Shigo’ cuts, J. Arboricult. 14 (1988) 261–264. [Google Scholar]
  25. Eisner N.J., Gilman E.F., Grabosky J.C., Branch morphology impacts compartmentalization of pruning wounds, Arboric. Urban For. 28 (2) (2002) 99–105. [Google Scholar]
  26. O’Hara K., Pruning wounds and occlusion: A long-standing conundrum in forestry, J. For. 105 (2007) 131–138. [Google Scholar]
  27. Clark L.R., Matheny N., What does research tell us about the practice of pruning in arboriculture, Arboric. News (2010) 41–44. [Google Scholar]
  28. Morselli M.F., Effects of the use of para formaldehyde (PFA) sterilising pellets on sugar maple health: A review, in: XXth World Cong., IUFRO, Tampere, Finland, 1995. [Google Scholar]
  29. Dutcher J.D., Worley R.E., Littrell R.H., Trunk injection of dicrotophos and trunk implantation of acephate to control foliar pecan pests, J. Arboric. 6 (1980) 294–297. [Google Scholar]
  30. Dujesiefken D., Rhaesa A., Eckstein D., Stobbe H., Tree wound reactions of differently treated boreholes, J. Arboric. 25 (1999) 113–123. [Google Scholar]
  31. Ferracini C., Alma A., How to preserve horse chestnut trees from Cameraria ohridella in the urban environment, Crop Prot. 27 (9) (2000) 1251–1255. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  32. Doccola J., Wild P., Bristol E., Lojko J., Differential wound response for deciduous hardwood trees using arboplug technology, Arbojet, Winchester, M.A., U.S.A., 2004, 22 p. [Google Scholar]
  33. Dujesiefken D., Liese W., Shortle W., Minocha R., Response of beech and oak to wounds, Eur. J. For. Res. 124 (2005) 113–117. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  34. Smith K.T., Tree biology and problem trees, Arboric. News 14 (2) (2005) 24–26. [Google Scholar]
  35. [35] Shigo A.L., How trees survive after injury and infection, in: Wilson C.L., Scorza R. (Eds.), Proc. stone fruit tree decline workshop, Appalachian fruit research station, Kearneysville, W.V., U.S.A., 1985, 133–138.. [Google Scholar]
  36. Bonsen K.J., Kucera L.J., Vessel occlusions in plants: morphological, functional and evolutionary aspects, IAWA Bull. 11 (1990) 393–399. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  37. Romero C., Bolker B.M., Effects of stem anatomical and structural traits on responses to stem damage: an experimental study in the Bolivian Amazon, Can. J. For. Res. 38 (2008) 611–618. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  38. Romero C., Bolker B.M., Edwards C.E., Stem responses to damage: the evolutionary ecology of Quercus species in contrasting fire regimes, New Phytol. 182 (1) (2009) 261–271. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  39. Shigo A.L., Successions of organisms in discoloration and decay of wood, For. Res. 2 (1967) 237–299. [Google Scholar]
  40. Shigo A.L., Campana R., Discolored and decayed wood associated with injection wounds in American elm, J. Arboric. 3 (1977) 230–235. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  41. Costonis A.C., The wounding effects of Mauget and creative sales injections, J. Arboric. 6 (1980) 204–208. [Google Scholar]
  42. Shigo A.L., Targets for proper tree care, J. Arboric. 9 (11) (1983) 285–294. [Google Scholar]
  43. Andersen J.L., Campana R.J., Shigo A.L., Shortle W.C., Wound response of Ulmus americana, 1: Results of chemical injection in attempts to control Dutch elm disease, J. Arboric. 11 (5) (1985) 137–142. [Google Scholar]
  44. Smith K.T., Wounding, compartmentalization, and treatment tradeoffs, J. Arboric. 14 (1988) 226–229. [Google Scholar]
  45. Smith K.T., Lewis P.A., Potential concerns for tree wound response from stem injection, in: Onken B., Reardon R. (Compil.), Proc. Third Hemlock Wooly Adelgid Conf., Asheville, NC, Feb. 1–3, 2005, USDA For. Serv. Publ., U.S.A., 2005. [Google Scholar]
  46. Deleuze J., Palmiers pour le climat méditerranéen, Ed. Champlour, Marly-le-Roi, France, 1995, 144 p. [Google Scholar]
  47. Howard F.W., Moore D., Giblin-Davis R.M., Abad R.G., Insect pests of palms and their control, CAB Int., Oxon, N.Y., U.K., 2001, 400 p. [Google Scholar]
  48. Del Cañizo J.A., Palmeras, Ed. Mundi-Prensa, Madrid, España, 2002, 704 p. [Google Scholar]
  49. Moya B., Plumed J., Littardi C., La poda de las palmeras ornamentales, AEA, Valencia, España, 2005, 266 p. [Google Scholar]
  50. Shigo A.L., 100 tree myths, Shigo and Trees Assoc., Durham, N.H., U.S.A., 1993, 80 p. [Google Scholar]
  51. Bloch R., Wound healing and necrosis in air roots of Phoenix Reclinata and leaves of Araucaria imbricata, Am. J. Bot. 24 (1937) 279–287. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  52. Fisher J.B., Control of growth and development in the monocotyledons – new areas of experimental research (A), Q. Rev. Biol. 48 (2) (1973) 291–298. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  53. Shigo A.L., Trees anatomy, Shigo and Trees Assoc., urham, N.H., U.S.A., 1993, 104 p. [Google Scholar]
  54. Weiner G., Liese W., Wound response in the stem of the Royal palm, IAWA J. 16 (4) (1995) 433–442. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  55. Ball L., Palms not just for the tropics, Arboric. News (2005) 13–16. [Google Scholar]
  56. Broschat T.K., Elliott M.L., Normal abnormalities in palm, Univ. Fla. Ext. Serv., Gainesville, U.S.A., 2007, 7 p. [Google Scholar]
  57. Aloni R., Plotkin T., Wound induced and naturally occurring regenerative differentiation of xylem in Zea mays, Planta 163 (1985) 126–132. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  58. Rittinger P., Biggs A., Peirson D., Histochemistry of lignin and suberin deposition in boundary layers formed after wounding in various plant species and organs, Can. J. Bot. 65 (1987) 1886–1892. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  59. Stipes R.J., Glitches and gaps in the science and technology of tree injection, J. Arboric. 14 (1988) 165–172. [Google Scholar]
  60. Sanchez-Zamora M.A., Fernandez-Escobar R., Injector-size and the time of application affects uptake of tree trunk-injected solutions, Sci. Hortic. 84 (1–2) (2000) 163–177. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  61. Sanchez-Zamora M.A., Fernandez-Escobar R., Uptake and distribution of trunk injections in conifers, J. Arboric. 30 (2) (2004) 73–79. [Google Scholar]
  62. Cowles R.S., Cheah C.S., Montgomery M.E., Comparing systemic imidacloprid application methods for controlling hemlock woolly adelgid, in: Onken B., Reardon R. (Compil.), Third Symp. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States, Asheville, NC, Feb. 1–3, 2005, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, W.V., U.S.A., 2005, 169–172. [Google Scholar]
  63. Harrell M., Imidacloprid concentrations in green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) following treatments with two trunk-injection methods, Arboric. Urban For. 32 (3) (2006) 126–129. [Google Scholar]
  64. Poland T.M., Haack R.A., Petrice T.R, Miller D.L., Bauer L.S., Gao R., Field evaluations of systemic insecticides for control of Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in China, J. Econ. Entomol. 99 (2) (2006) 383–392. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  65. Doccola J.J., Bristol E.J., Sifieet S.D., Lojko L., Wild P.M., Efficacy of trunk-injected imidacloprid in the management of hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae), Arboric. Urban For. 33 (1) (2007) 12–21. [Google Scholar]
  66. Ferry M., Gómez S., Une nouvelle stratégie contre le charançon rouge des palmiers, Phytoma 620 (2008) 24–28. [Google Scholar]
  67. Ferry M., Gómez S., Charançon rouge des palmiers, mises au point sur la lutte, Phytoma 658 (2012) 38–41. [Google Scholar]
  68. Xu T., Jacobsen C.M., Hara A.H, Lia Ji, Lie Q.X., Efficacy of systemic insecticides on the gall wasp Quadrastichus erythrinae in wiliwili trees (Erythrina spp.), Pest Manag. Sci. 2009 (65) (2008) 163–169. [Google Scholar]
  69. Cowles R.S., Lagalante A.F., Activity and persistence of systemic insecticides for managing hemlock woolly adelgids, in: 20th USDA Interagency Research Forum on Gypsy Moth and Other Invasive Species, Annapolis, MD, U.S.A., 2009. [Google Scholar]
  70. Doccola J.J., Smith S.L., Strom R.L., Medeiros A.C., Von Allmen E., Systemically applied insecticides for treatment of erythrina gall wasp, Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim, Arbor. Urban For. 35 (4) (2009) 173–181. [Google Scholar]
  71. Herms D.A., McCullough D.G., Smitley D.R, Sadof C.S., Williamson R.C., Nixon P.L., Insecticide options for protecting ash trees from emerald ash borer, North Central IPM Center bulletin (2009) 12 p. [Google Scholar]
  72. Mota-Sanchez D., Cregg B.M., McCullough D.G., Poland T.M., Hollingworth R.M., Distribution of trunk-injected 14C-imidacloprid in ash trees and effects on emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) adults, Crop Prot. 28 (2009) 655–661. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  73. Diling C., Lambdin P., Grant J., Rhea R., Spatial and temporal distribution of imidacloprid in Eastern Hemlock in the Southern Appalachians, J. Econ. Entomol. 103 (2) (2010) 368–373. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  74. Pinon J., Aux ormes citoyens, Courr. Cell. Environ. 8 (1989). [Google Scholar]
  75. Pinon J., Feugey L., La graphiose de l’orme: une maladie dévastatrice aux causes bien identifiées, Rev. For. Fr. XLVI – 5 (1994) 422–430. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  76. Haugen L., How to identify and manage Dutch elm disease, USDA, NA-PR-07-98, 1998. [Google Scholar]
  77. Paulsrud B., Fungicide injections will they prevent Dutch elm disease? Home Yard Garden Pest Newsl. 26 (2000) 5–6. [Google Scholar]
  78. Faccoli M., Elm bark beetles and Dutch elm disease: tests of combined control, J. Pest Sci. 74 (2001) 22–29. [Google Scholar]
  79. Lanier G., Therapy for Dutch elm disease, J. Arboric. 14 9 (1988). [Google Scholar]
  80. Haugen L., Stennes M., Fungicide injection to control Dutch elm disease understanding the options, Plant Diagn. Q. 20 (2) (1998) 29–38. [Google Scholar]
  81. Pinon J., Husson C., Au chevet de la forêt, SCEREN – CNDP, TDC nº 890, 2005, 56 p. [Google Scholar]
  82. Kondo E.S., Scope and limitations of carbendazim-H2PO4 injections in Dutch elm disease control, J. Arboric. 4 (1978) 80–86. [Google Scholar]
  83. Anon., Rapport annuel qualité et de la protection des végétaux, Année 2005, FREDON Paca, Hyères, France, 2006. [Google Scholar]
  84. Murdoch C.W., Coleman J.S., Campana R.J., Bark cracks associated with injection wounds in elms, J. Arboric. 9 (3) (1983). [Google Scholar]
  85. Tomlinson P.B., The structural biology of palms, Clarendon Press, Oxford, U.K., 1990. [Google Scholar]
  86. Abraham V.A., Al-Shuaibi M.A., Faleiro J.R., Abuzuhairah R.A., Vidyasagar P.S., An integrated management approach for red date palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliv., a key pest of date palm in Middle East, Sultan Qabus Univ. J. Sci. Res. Agric. Sci. 3 (1998) 77–84. [Google Scholar]
  87. El-Ezaby F.A., Injection as a method to control the red Indian date palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, Arab. J. Plant Prot. 15 (1) (1997) 31–38. [Google Scholar]
  88. Abraham V.A., Faleiro J.R., Nair C.P.R, Nair S.S., Present management technologies for red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Cuculionidae) in palms and future thrust areas, Pest Manag. Hortic. Ecosyst. 8 (2) (2002) 69–81. [Google Scholar]
  89. Soroker V., Blumberg D., Haberman A.M., Hamburger-Rishard M., Reneh S., Talebaev S., Anshelevich L., Harari A.R., The current status of red palm weevil infestation in date palm plantations in Israel, Phytoparasitica 33 (2005) 97–106. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  90. Barranco P., Lorente F., Alcázar M.D., Peña J., Control de Rhynchophorus ferrugineus en España: ensayos y aplicaciones en campo. I jornadas internacionales sobre el picudo rojo de las palmeras, Fund. Agrimed, Valencia, Espana, 2006, pp. 105–117. [Google Scholar]
  91. Faleiro J.R., A review on the issues and management of red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Rhynchophoridae) in coconut and date palm during the last one hundred years, Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci. 26 (3) (2006) 135–154. [Google Scholar]
  92. Ferry M., Gómez S., Une nouvelle stratégie contre le charançon rouge des palmiers, Phytoma 620 (2008) 24–28. [Google Scholar]
  93. Gómez S., Ferry M., Barbado J., Hernandez F., Montero F., Aplicación de una estrategia de control integrado del picudo rojo de las palmeras (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus), Phytoma 206 (2009) 29–36. [Google Scholar]
  94. Nadarajan L.,Channa Basavanna G.P., Trunk injection of systemic insecticides against the coconut black headed caterpillar Nephantis serinopa Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Cryptophasidae), Oléagineux 36 (1981) 239–245. [Google Scholar]
  95. Franqueville H., Renard J.L., Intérêt du phosethyl-Al dans la lutte contre le Phytophtora du cocotier. Modalité d’application, Oléagineux 44 (7) (1989) 351–358. [Google Scholar]
  96. Kanagaratnam P., Pinto J.L., Effect of monocrotophos on the leaf eating caterpillar, Opisina arenosella Walk., when injected into the trunk of the coconut Palm, Cocos 3 (1985) 09–15. [Google Scholar]
  97. Thevenin J.M., Motulo H.F.J., Kharie S., Renard J.L., Chemical control of coconut bud rot caused by Phytophthora in Indonesia, Plant. Rech. Dév. 2 (6) (1995) 41–50. [Google Scholar]
  98. Fernando L.C.P., Wickramananda J.R., Aratchige N.S., Status of coconut mite, Aceria guerreronis in Sri Lanka, In: Proc. International Workshop on Coconut mite (Aceria guerreronis), 6–8 January 2000, Coconut Res. Inst., Sri Lanka, 2002, 1–12. [Google Scholar]
  99. Jayalakshmi V., Khan H.H., Ganoderma disease of coconut, Indian Coconut J. March (2003) 10–15. [Google Scholar]
  100. Anon., Developing Asia-pacific strategy for forest invasive species: the coconut beetle problem-bridging agriculture and forestry, Rep. Asia-Pacific For. Invas. Spec. Netw. Workshop, 22–25 Feb., Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2005. [Google Scholar]
  101. Fu Y., Yanlrun X., Occurence and control of coconut leaf beetle in china, in: Rep. expert consultation on coconut beetle outbreak in APPC member countries, 26–27 Oct. 2004, Bangkok, FAO-RAP publ., Bangkok, Thailand, 2004, 35–81. [Google Scholar]
  102. Wood B.J., Trunk injection of systemic insecticides against the bagworm, Metisa plana (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on oil palm, Oléagineux 29 (11) (1974) 499–505. [Google Scholar]
  103. Hutauruk C., Sipayung A., Development of trunk injection of systemic insecticides against Setora nitens and Thosea asigna on oil palm in North Sumatra, In: Proc. Plant Prot. Conf., Kuala Lumpur, Mal., 1978, 265–278. [Google Scholar]
  104. Mariau D., Method of controlling Coelaenomenodera (Coleoptera Hispidae) by injecting systemic insecticides into the trunk of the oil palm, Oléagineux 34 (2) (1979) 51–58. [Google Scholar]
  105. Vessey J.C., Control of a leaf spot on oil palm in Honduras with insecticides, Oléagineux 36 (5) (1981) 229–232. [Google Scholar]
  106. Genty P., Garzon M., Garcia R., Damage and control of the Leptopharsa-Pestalotiopsis complex in oil palm, Oléagineux 38 (5) (1983) 291–299. [Google Scholar]
  107. Reyes A., Añublo foliar de la palma africana en Colombia, importancia económica, etiología y control, in: VI semin. Problemas fitopatologicos de la palma africana, Bucaramanga, Colombia, 1988. [Google Scholar]
  108. Singh G., Management of oil palm pests and diseases in Malaysia in 2000, in: Kadir A.A.S.A., Barlow H.S. (Eds.), Pest management and the environment in 2000, CABI Int., Wallingford, U.K., 1992, 195–212. [Google Scholar]
  109. Caudwell R.W., Orrell I., Integrated pest management for oil palm in Papua New Guinea, Integr. Pest Manag. Rev. 2 (1) (1997) 17–24. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  110. Young G.R., A review of Sexava research and control methods in Papua New Guinea, in: Proc. Sixth workshop for tropical agricultural entomologists, Darwin, Austr., 1998, 31–44. [Google Scholar]
  111. Caudwell R.W., The successful development and implementation of an integrated pest management system for oil palm in Papua New Guinea, Integr. Pest Manag. Rev. 5 (4) (2000) 297–301. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  112. Hean Y.T., The intelligent management of Lepidoptera leaf eaters in mature oil palm by trunk injection (a review of principles), Planter 76 (887) (2000) 99–107. [Google Scholar]
  113. Wood B.J., Pest control in Malaysia’s perennial crops: A half century perspective tracking the pathway to integrated pest management, Integr. Pest Manag. Rev. 7 (2002) 173–190. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  114. Jelani A.R., Hitam A., Khalid R., Serna L.A., Shuib A.R., Rashid A., Ismael F., Mechanical trunk injection for control of Ganoderma, MPOB Inf. Ser. 215 (2004) 4 p. [Google Scholar]
  115. Page W.W., Lord S., The oil palm industry’s approach to the use of pesticides in Papua New Guinea, Planter 82 (958) (2006) 13–21. [Google Scholar]
  116. Anon., Trunk injection oil palms. A virtue born of necessity, Courrier Agrochem (2009) 20–21. [Google Scholar]
  117. Abdallah F.F., AI-Khatri S.A., Research higlights – The effectiveness of trunk injection and fumigation for the control of the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliver, in date palm, Arab Near East Plant Prot. Newsl. 29 (1999) 17–21. [Google Scholar]
  118. Abdallah F.F., AI-Khatri S.A., The effectiveness of trunk injection and fumigation for the control of the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliver, in date palm, J. Plant Prot. Trop. 13 (1) (2000) 17–21. [Google Scholar]
  119. Azam K.M., Razv S.A., Control of the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier, using prophylactic spraying of date palms and trunk injection, in: 2nd Int. Conf. Date Palms, U.A.E. Press, AI-Ain, U.A.E., 2001, 216–222. [Google Scholar]
  120. Lakshmanan P.L., Subba Rao P.B., Subramanian T.R., A note on the control of the coconut red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus with certain new chemicals, Madras Agric. J. 59 (11/12) (1972) 638–639. [Google Scholar]
  121. Muthuraman M., Trunk injection of undiluted insecticides – a method to control coconut red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Fab., Indian Coconut J. 15 (1984) 12–14. [Google Scholar]
  122. Jose F., Arivudainambi S., Gailce L., Management of red palm weevil, Rhyncophorus ferrugineus (Curculionidae: Coleoptera), PIant Arch. 8 (2) (2008) 705–707. [Google Scholar]
  123. Ginting C.U., Desmier R., Utilisation de la technique d’absorption racinaire d’insecticides systémiques pour une protection à long terme des cocotiers et autres cultures industrielles, Oléagineux 42 (2) (1987) 63–71. [Google Scholar]
  124. Dewhurst C., Trunk drilling, OPRAtive Word, Techn. Note 9, PNGOPRA, Kimbe, PNG, 2006, 3 p. [Google Scholar]
  125. Janick J., Paull R.E., The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts, CABI Publ.,Wallingford, U.K., 2008. [Google Scholar]
  126. Wood B.J., Book review insects on palms, Crop Prot. 21 (2002) 597–598. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  127. Jacquemard J.C., Le palmier à huile, Ed. Maisonneuve et Larose, Paris, Fr., 1995. [Google Scholar]
  128. Hernandez-Marante D., Folk F., Sanchez A., Fernandez-Escobar R., Control del curculiónido ferruginoso de las palmeras (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier) mediante inyecciones al tronco y pulverización foliar, Bol. San. Veg. Plagas 29 (4) (2003) 563–574. [Google Scholar]
  129. Ferry M., Gomez S., El picudo rojo de la palmera datilera: gravedad de la plaga en España y necesidad de un cambio radical y urgente de estrategia en la lucha, Phytoma 185 (2006) 42–46. [Google Scholar]
  130. Mariau D., Philippe R., Advantages and disadvantages of methods of chemical control of Coelaenomenodera minuta (Coleoptera Chrysomelidae) an oil palm-mining insect of the Hispidae family, Oléagineux 38 (6) (1983) 365–367. [Google Scholar]
  131. ReyesRincon A., A practical and economical way of plugging up holes in oil palm stems after treatment by injection, Oléagineux 43 (1) (1988) 9–12. [Google Scholar]
  132. Estevez A., Ferry M., Gomez S., Endotherapy in palms. Study of the efficiency and persistency of thiametoxam in preventive treatments against the red palm weevil, Phytoma 226 (2011) 42–48. [Google Scholar]
  133. Gómez S., Estevez A., Olmos M., Ferry M., Development of a new method to evaluate efficiency and persistency of active substances used by endotherapy in adult palms for the control of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier, in: VII Ntl. Congr. Appl. Entomol., Abstracts Proc., SEEA, Madrid, Spain, 2011, 40. [Google Scholar]
  134. Gómez S., Estevez A., Ferry M., Endotherapy in palms. Study of the efficacy and persistence of thiametoxam in preventive treatments against the red palm weevil, in: ESA Annu. Meet., ESA, Reno, U.S.A., 2011. [Google Scholar]
  135. Khan A.I., Azam K.M., Razvi S.A., Pesticides residual analysis of date palm fruits by gaz-chromatography mass-spectrophotometry, in: Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Date Palms, U.A.E. Press, AI-Ain, U.A.E., 2001, 211–215. [Google Scholar]